Why National Movements Compete, Fight, and Win
This event includes a book signing
October 6, 2017
3:00 PM ET
Harvard Book Store
1256 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138
This event is free; no tickets are required.
Harvard Book Store welcomes Boston College assistant professor and MIT Security Studies Program research affiliate PETER KRAUSE for a discussion of Rebel Power: Why National Movements Compete, Fight, and Win.
About Rebel Power
Many of the world's states―from Algeria to Ireland to the United States―are the result of robust national movements that achieved independence. Many other national movements have failed in their attempts to achieve statehood, including the Basques, the Kurds, and the Palestinians. In Rebel Power, Peter Krause offers a powerful new theory to explain this variation focusing on the internal balance of power among nationalist groups, who cooperate with each other to establish a new state while simultaneously competing to lead it. The most powerful groups push to achieve states while they are in position to rule them, whereas weaker groups unlikely to gain the spoils of office are likely to become spoilers, employing risky, escalatory violence to forestall victory while they improve their position in the movement hierarchy. Hegemonic movements with one dominant group are therefore more likely to achieve statehood than internally competitive, fragmented movements due to their greater pursuit of victory and lesser use of counterproductive violence.
Krause conducted years of fieldwork in government and nationalist group archives in the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe, as well as more than 150 interviews with participants in the Palestinian, Zionist, Algerian, and Irish national movements. This research generated comparative longitudinal analyses of these four national movements involving 40 groups in 44 campaigns over a combined 140 years of struggle. Krause identifies new turning points in the history of these movements and provides fresh explanations for their use of violent and nonviolent strategies, as well as their numerous successes and failures. Rebel Power is essential reading for understanding not only the history of national movements but also the causes and consequences of contentious collective action today, from the Arab Spring to the civil wars and insurgencies in Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, and beyond.
"Rebel Power is an excellent study of four nationalist movements, in which Peter Krause examines the role played by their more extreme wings. The combination of theoretical sophistication and empirical richness makes this a particularly valuable book." —William B. Quandt, Professor Emeritus, University of Virginia
"Rebel Power allows us to understand why the search for ideological moderates, such as our efforts in Syria, can lead to notable setbacks, and shows us how the objectives of ending the violence, achieving victory, and establishing democracy can require an array of often conflicting approaches." —Fotini Christia, MIT, author of Alliance Formation in Civil Wars
"Rebel Power makes a crucial contribution to our understanding of when and why national liberation movements succeed and use violence. Peter Krause offers a theoretically innovative and empirically rich interpretation of the ecology of nationalist civil wars." —Tanisha M. Fazal, University of Notre Dame, author of State Death: The Politics and Geography of Conquest, Occupation, and Annexation
Walking from the Harvard Square T station: 2 minutes
As you exit the station, reverse your direction and walk east along Mass. Ave. in front of the Cambridge Savings Bank. Cross Dunster St. and proceed along Mass. Ave for three more blocks. You will pass Au Bon Pain, JP Licks, and TD Bank. Harvard Book Store is located at the corner of Mass. Ave. and Plympton St.
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